Feature Engineering Tasks

Let’s define some feature engineering tasks to be used in conjunction with the Flyte workflow.

Import the necessary libraries.

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from flytekit import task
from numpy.core.fromnumeric import sort
from sklearn.feature_selection import SelectKBest, f_classif
from sklearn.impute import SimpleImputer

There are a specific set of columns for which imputation isn’t required. Ignore them.

    "Hospital Number",
    "surgical lesion",

Use the SimpleImputer class from the scikit-learn library to fill in the missing values of the dataset.

def mean_median_imputer(
    dataframe: pd.DataFrame,
    imputation_method: str,
) -> pd.DataFrame:
    dataframe = dataframe.replace("?", np.nan)
    if imputation_method not in ["median", "mean"]:
        raise ValueError("imputation_method takes only values 'median' or 'mean'")

    imputer = SimpleImputer(missing_values=np.nan, strategy=imputation_method)

    imputer = imputer.fit(dataframe[dataframe.columns[~dataframe.columns.isin(NO_IMPUTATION_COLS)]])
    dataframe[dataframe.columns[~dataframe.columns.isin(NO_IMPUTATION_COLS)]] = imputer.transform(
    return dataframe

The SelectKBest method removes all but the highest scoring features.

def univariate_selection(dataframe: pd.DataFrame, num_features: int, data_class: str) -> pd.DataFrame:
    # remove ``timestamp`` and ``Hospital Number`` columns as they ought to be present in the dataset
    dataframe = dataframe.drop(["event_timestamp", "Hospital Number"], axis=1)

    if num_features > 9:
        raise ValueError(f"Number of features must be <= 9; you've given {num_features}")

    X = dataframe.iloc[:, dataframe.columns != data_class]
    y = dataframe.loc[:, data_class]
    test = SelectKBest(score_func=f_classif, k=num_features)
    fit = test.fit(X, y)
    indices = sort((-fit.scores_).argsort()[:num_features])
    column_names = list(map(X.columns.__getitem__, indices))
    features = fit.transform(X)
    return pd.DataFrame(np.c_[features, y.to_numpy()], columns=column_names)