Great Expectations is a Python-based open-source library for validating, documenting, and profiling your data. It helps maintain data quality and improve communication about data between teams.
The goodness of data validation in Great Expectations can be integrated with Flyte to validate the data moving in and out of the pipeline entities you may have defined in Flyte. This helps establish stricter boundaries around your data to ensure that everything is as you expected and hence, data will not crash your pipelines anymore unexpectedly!
How to Define the Integration#
Great Expectations supports native execution of expectations against various Datasources, such as Pandas dataframes, Spark dataframes, and SQL databases via SQLAlchemy.
We’re supporting two Flyte types that should suit Great Expectations’
FlyteFilerepresents an automatic persistence object in Flyte. It can represent files in remote storage and Flyte transparently materializes them in every task execution.
StructuredDatasetsupports pandas dataframes, which the plugin will convert into a parquet file and validate the data using Great Expectations.
Flyte types are added because, in Great Expectations, we have the privilege to give a non-string (Pandas/Spark DataFrame) when using a
but not when using an
For the latter case, with the integration of Flyte types, we can give a Pandas/Spark DataFrame or a remote URI as the dataset.
The datasources can be well-integrated with the plugin using the following two modes:
Flyte Task: A Flyte task defines the task prototype that one could use within a task or a workflow to validate data using Great Expectations.
Flyte Type: A Flyte type helps attach the
GreatExpectationsTypeto any dataset. Under the hood,
GreatExpectationsTypecan be assumed as a combination of Great Expectations and Flyte types where every data is validated against the expectations, much like the OpenAPI Spec or the gRPC validator.
Data Validation Failure#
If the data validation fails, the plugin will raise a
For example, this is how the error message looks on the Flyte UI:
Traceback (most recent call last): ... great_expectations.marshmallow__shade.exceptions.ValidationError: Validation failed! COLUMN FAILED EXPECTATION passenger_count -> expect_column_min_to_be_between passenger_count -> expect_column_mean_to_be_between passenger_count -> expect_column_quantile_values_to_be_between passenger_count -> expect_column_values_to_be_in_set passenger_count -> expect_column_proportion_of_unique_values_to_be_between trip_distance -> expect_column_max_to_be_between trip_distance -> expect_column_mean_to_be_between trip_distance -> expect_column_median_to_be_between trip_distance -> expect_column_quantile_values_to_be_between trip_distance -> expect_column_proportion_of_unique_values_to_be_between rate_code_id -> expect_column_max_to_be_between rate_code_id -> expect_column_mean_to_be_between rate_code_id -> expect_column_proportion_of_unique_values_to_be_between
datasource_name: Data source, in general, is the “name” we use in the Great Expectations config file. A Datasource brings together a way of interacting with data (like a database or Spark cluster) and some specific data (like a CSV file, or a database table). Moreover, data source assists in building batches out of data (for validation).
expectation_suite_name: Defines the data validation.
data_connector_name: Tells how the data batches have to be identified.
context_root_dir: Sets the path of the great expectations config directory.
batch_request_config: Additional batch request configuration parameters.
data_connector_query: Query to request a data batch
runtime_parameters: Parameters to be sent at run-time
batch_identifiers: Batch identifiers
batch_spec_passthrough: Reader method if your file doesn’t have an extension
data_asset_name: Name of the data asset (to be used for
local_file_path: Helpful to download the given dataset to the user-given path
You may always want to mention the context_root_dir parameter, as providing a path means no harm!
Moreover, local_file_path is essential when using
To use the Great Expectations Flyte plugin, run the following command:
pip install flytekitplugins-great_expectations
Make sure to run workflows from the “flytekit_plugins” directory.